Apropos the shameless and deceitful statements of Neville Maxwell author of "India's China War" who has recently published selective portions of the so called " Henderson Brooks-Bhagat Report " that, "Then in 1954 he compounded that mistake by laying cartographic claim to a swathe of territory in the north-west, the Aksai Chin, a claim which was beyond anything the British had ever claimed and on an area which Chinese governments had treated as their own for at least a hundred years. To make matters worse, he ruled that there should be no negotiation over that claim either! So Indian policy had created a border dispute and also ruled out the only way it could peacefully be settled, through diplomatic negotiation", the map given officially by Hung Ta Chen, a senior Chinese official, to the British Indian consul at Kashgar, in 1893 as well as the The “Postal map of China”, 1917, an official publication of the Government of China, published at Peking in 1917 refutes his perverted claim that the Chinese Government had treated the area as their own for at least a hundred years. Yaqub Beg set up an independent Muslim country in East Turkistan which survived until 1877 when the Chinese troops recaptured Kashgar. W.H. Johnson’s survey established certain important points. Brinjga was the boundary post ( near the Karanghu Tagh Peak in the Kuen Lun in Ladakh), thus implying that the boundary lay along the Kuen Lun Range. Johnson’s findings demonstrated that the whole of the Kara Kash valley was within the territory of the Maharaja of Kashmir and an integral part of the territory of Kashmir. He noted where the Chinese boundary post was accepted. At Yangi Langar, three marches from Khotan , he noticed that there were a few fruit trees at this place which originally was a post or guard house of the Chinese. Ney Elias who had been Joint Commissioner in Ladakh for several years noted on 21 September 1889 that he had met the Chinese in 1879 and 1880 when he visited Kashgar. “they told me that they considered their line of ‘chatze’, or posts, as their frontier – viz. , Kugiar, Kilian, Sanju, Kiria, etc.- and that they had no concern with what lay beyond the mountains. The Chinese completed the reconquest of eastern Turkistan in 1878. Before they lost it in 1863, their practical authority, as Ney Elias British Joint Commissioner in Leh from the end of the 1870s to 1885, and Younghusband consistently maintained, "had never extended south of their outposts at Sanju and Kilian along the northern foothills of the Kuenlun range. Nor did they establish a known presence to the south of the line of outposts in the twelve years immediately following their return".The Kashmir authorities maintained two caravan routes right upto the traditional boundary. One, from Pamzal, known as the Eastern Changchenmo route, passed through Nischu, Lingzi Thang, Lak Tsung, Thaldat, Khitai Pass, Haji Langar along the Karakash valley”(obviously via Sumgal) “to Shahidulla. Police outposts were placed along these routes to protect the traders from the Khirghiz marauders who roamed the Aksai Chin after Yaqub Beg’s rebellion against the Chinese(1864-1878). Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru had in fact also arbitrarily, unconstitutionally and illegally published in 1954, a spurious and bogus map out of the blue in accordance with his perverted whims and fancies which illegally did not depict areas in Kashmir which hitherto had been depicted as integral part of India by the Survey of India in the various maps published prior to 1954 pertaining to the period immediately prior to the commencement of the Constitution of India in particular inter alia the official maps attached to the White Papers published in July 1948 and February 1950 by the Government of India's Ministry of States, headed, incidentally, by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, under the authority of India's Surveyor General G.F.Heaney. Mr.Neville Maxwell also, the typical chronic liar that is, rushes to state that the British had in the mid-1930s seized the Tibetan territory which they re-named NEFA. any Tibetan control over part of the Assam Himalaya had always been imperialistic. The areas like Pemako or Mon-yul in Arunachal Pradesh had always been considered by Tibetans to be beyond the Tibetan frontier. In 1954, one Mr.Jawaharlal Nehru who occupied the post of Prime Minister of India had, out of the blue,stealthily and surreptitiously published for the first time , a new map of Kashmir. In June 1954, Zhou Enlai, Prime Minister of China was in India, and in the October of the same year Jawaharlal Nehru went to China. In between, Nehru issued a memorandum which stated inter alia that the frontier should be considered a firm and definite one , which is not open to discussion with any one. A system of check posts should be spread along this entire frontier. How did he go about doing this? In 1954, thus a new official map of India was published out of the blue, stealthily by Nehru, referred to here as the `Nehru Line' which dropped the legend undefined `and showed the northern border of Kashmir with a clear firm line. Nehru, in accordance with his Memorandum which stated that the frontier should be a firm and definite one, arbitrarily, and illegally depicted a border of Kashmir which ran well in the interior of Kashmir depicting only those areas of Kashmir which according to him was definitely part of Kashmir and beyond dispute. But did he in fact practice what he preached? That is, did he implement the alleged reason or excuse for the publication of the spurious and bogus map of 1954 in the first place? Pertinently , it is imperative to note that the Director of the Intelligence Bureau , B.N. Mullik had recommended the setting of new posts in Kashmir in 1959 ,at inter alia Sarigh Jilganang Kol and Palong Karpo which was discussed in January 1959 at a meeting in the external affairs Ministry in the presence of Gen Thimayya , Chief of the Army staff and the Foreign secretary. Both the Army Chief and the Foreign Secretary had opposed the proposal to open border posts at inter alia Sarigh Jilganang Kol though Sarigh Jilganang Kol was situate deep inside Kashmir even according to the obnoxious 1954 ‘Nehru Line’ because according to them, the opening of the said posts would ‘provoke’ the Chinese , and create tension. The despicable attitude of the External Affairs Ministry was that “this part of the territory was useless to India. Even if the Chinese did not encroach into it , India could not make any use of it . The boundary had not been demarcated and had been shifted more than once by the British”. So much for claim that India provoked the war! Of course, India had to throw the Chinese out of Indian territory. The very fact of their presence inside Indian territory was ipso facto declaration of war enough. Where Mr. Nehru was at fault was that he had cartographically illegally ceded vast areasin India in a manner not known to law and after solomning undertaking to defend the border areas, he did not do the needful and open border posts at inter alia Sarigh Jilganang Kol though Sarigh Jilganang Kol . Also, he did not ensure that the Indian Army was well prepared when the Chinese attacked. Apropos his allegation that, "...people will see that political favouritism put the Army under incompetent leadership which blindly followed the Nehru government's provocative policy", It is obvious that the Army was under incompetent leadership , not because the leadership purportedly "followed the Nehru government's provocative policy" but because incompetent persons like Gen Thimayya , Chief of the Army staff had objected and obstructed to any endeavour to defend what was left of India territory after the illegal cession of Indian territory in 1954 as well as the Chinese encroachment into Indian territory.
Thursday, April 3, 2014
Thursday, September 5, 2013
Thursday, August 29, 2013
The external borders of Kashmir as depicted in this map published in The Hindu dated October 10, 1955 though inaccurate insofar as the fact that inter alia the northern border is not depicted on the Kuen Lun range in northern Kashmir and beyond, or the fact that the eastern frontier of Kashmir is not depicted to the east of historic area of Rudok in eastern Ladakh, nevertheless portrays areas in Kashmir which ceased to be depicted as part of Kashmir illegally in 1954 by the Survey of India, which at the instance of Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru depicted a new spurious and bogus fraudulent map of Kashmir out of the Blue in an illegal procedure which is ultra vires the Constitution of India which is sacrosanct and supreme, and the aforesaid procedure is ab initio illegal and null and void. The areas which ceased to be depicted as part of Kashmir had always been recognized as part of the territorial extent of Kashmir by the government of Kashmir even at the time immediately prior to the commencement of the Constitution of India as well as the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir and had also hitherto had been depicted as integral part of India by the Survey of India in the various maps published prior to 1954 in particular inter alia the official maps attached to the White Papers published in July 1948 and February 1950 by the Government of India's Ministry of States, headed, incidentally, by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, under the authority of India's Surveyor General G.F.Heaney, much of which were criminally destroyed under the orders of Mr.Jawaharlal Nehru, which give them the legal status to determine the extent of the State of Kashmir as stipulated in Entry 15 in the First Schedule of the Constitution of India and the Constitution of India is sacrosanct and supreme and the spurious, bogus and fraudulent line published stealthily by Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru out of the blue in 1954 is ab initio illegal and vitiated as null and void!
In fact, the legend Kashmir is partly depicted in this map in an area which is being illegally depicted as not part of Kashmir in the bogus and spurious map published by the Survey of India criminally in 1954 at the instance Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru in a stealthy and surreptitious manner with complete impunity, which only reinforces the truth that the new 1954 map illegally published at the instance of Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru in obvious collusion with the Chinese is blatantly illegal and an illegal cession of the territory of India in a manner not known to law did take place by this blatantly illegal act!
Monday, May 13, 2013
The Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World has in several editions published a map of Afghanistan, Pakistan and north western India. In the said map, The purported western borders of Afghanistan and Pakistan are depicted in a congested manner and are displayed extending beyond the regular edges of the map and the map of Kashmir is depicted in inset maps rather than as a complete and comprehensive single map so that the viewer does not have the benefit of viewing a complete bird's eye full view of the entire area! The Times Atlas of The World is a genius of such perverted deceit! The Hindutash and the Sanju-la Passes in north eastern Kashmir are not depicted as part of Kashmir though the very same Times Atlas of the World had previously depicted the Hindutash Pass as part of Kashmir in 1900! In this 1959 map, they have the audacity to draw two lines with the caption “undefined frontier” between them but even in this 1959 map the Hindutash and Sanju-la Passes are not depicted as part of Kashmir and the international border is not depicted on the Kuen Lun range in that area even as an alleged extreme view of the border. So what has changed legally in the period of interregnum between 1900 and 1947 or 2013? Was there any valid cession of territory? This, when it is the stance of the Times Atlas of the World that the legal status of the entire territory of Jammu and Kashmir is disputed! In this 1959 map due to their diabolical conspiracy and game plan and obvious collusion with the Chinese against India with ulterior motives and intentions they have not shown the whole of Kashmir comprehensively as a single comprehensive map so that the viewer does not view a complete bird's eye full view of the area, but have maliciously depicted a part of Kashmir as an inset to avoid displaying the Hindutash area in Kashmir and due to this ulterior motive, they had been constrained to depict the legend “Jammu & Kashmir” in the area of Aksai Chin in the aforesaid inset map. But the very same Times Atlas of the World now inter alia in the Post 2000 A.D. editions depict the very same Aksai Chin area in Kashmir as either a disputed area or even allegedly a part of “China”, rather than depicting the area of Aksai Chin as an integral part of Kashmir pure and simple under blatant illegal Chinese armed military occupation. Obviously the shameless and malicious perverted publishers of the Times Atlas of the World have no morals or sense of propriety!
Tuesday, May 7, 2013
The various illegal cessions of the territory of Kashmir. The Red line depicts the International border. The Green line depicts the bogus fraudulent line that was illegally drawn in 1954 at the instance of Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru which is ab initio illegal and null and void and ultra vires the Constitution of India. The Yellow line depicts the territory in Kashmir illegally given by the Pakistanis to the Chinese in 1963, and the Grey lines depict the Lines of Control.
Thursday, January 3, 2013
The editor of The Hindu does not know the meaning of tit-for-tat! Or is it convenient for him to feign ignorance?
The Chinese have depicted integral parts of India as part of China in their passports. According to The “Hindu”, “India has started stamping its map on visas issued in China in response to Chinese passports depicting Arunachal Pradesh and Aksai Chin as its territories”. Obviously, the editor of the Hindu does not know the meaning of tit-for-tat! Or is it convenient for him to feign ignorance? If India is to respond in a tit-for-tat manner, then India should display maps in the Indian passport which depict not just integral parts of India like inter alia India's beloved Aksai Chin and the Assam Himalaya as part of India, but should also depict areas like Khotan situate to the north of the Hindutash and Sanju-la passes in north eastern Kashmir, and Nyenchen Thanglha or Tibet as part of India. Only then will the response be a tit-for-tat one!
But with the present Government of India being perverted, subservient and having the propensity to undermine the dignity and honour of India, such a response can be expected only if there is revolution which brings a sea change in the policies of the Government.
Look how the perverse owners of The "Hindu” have the propensity to protect and defend the Chinese and absolve or justify the hostile actions of the Chinese against India when they state, "Beijing began issuing new electronic passports and, as per the standard practice governing all maps printed in China in recent years, it included Aksai Chin, Arunachal Pradesh ... in the map outline on the pages"!
Saturday, December 29, 2012
According to Jeff M. Smith, an American scholar who has recently published a brief account of how the Kennedy administration decided to back India against China on the McMahon Line, The US position on Aksai Chin, in the “western sector” of the so-called "Sino-Indian border" dispute, is noncommittal by comparison. At the time, John Kenneth Galbraith, America's Ambassador to India “resolved to maintain silence on the west,” concluding: “The fact that the Indians had not discovered a Chinese road [in Aksai Chin] for two years seemed to suggest a tenuous claim.” Today, the US considers Aksai Chin a disputed area “administered by China but claimed by India.”
Mr. Galbraith should understand that the contention that purportedly Indians had not discovered a Chinese constructed road in Aksai Chin for two years was an all together extraneous issue which had nothing to do with the fact that the Aksai Chin has always been an integral part of India. If the Indians had not discovered a Chinese road in Aksai Chin for two years, it was because despite the fact that the accession of the princely state of Kashmir to the new Dominion of India” on October 26, 1947 "in its entirety” and the state had ipso facto become an integral part of India, since India had been arbitrarily and artificially partitioned, and a huge chunk of south western India had become overnight an alien country, India’s military power had been overwhelmingly reduced. Furthermore, the aforesaid south western chunk of territory newly named Pakistan had occupied a substantial portion of the state of Kashmir extending from Dafdar in the Taghdumbash Pamir to inter alia Baltistan and India had the misfortune of having one Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru as the Prime Minister of India who was a known British loyalist and sympathiser and had ambitions to be famous as an International statesman rather than restricting his total unconditional and unflinching loyalty to his own motherland, the Republic of India. He rather than liberate the whole of the occupied part of the state from Pakistani occupation then and there, agreed to the American suggestion to give a complaint to the so-called United Nations Organisation. And after luring and instigating India to give a complaint to the United Nations Organisation rather than first liberate the occupied part of Kashmir and then talk, the Americans took a neutral stance and did not support India, after India had preferred a complaint. And Kashmir became a “disputed territory” with the Pakistani occupied areas of the state continuing till date to remain under their illegal control. Thus, a militarily weak and vulnerable India had to deal with Pakistani occupation of a part of Kashmir and defend the ceasefire line running arbitrarily within Kashmir and could not enforce her sovereignty over the whole of the State of Jammu and Kashmir. If the areas in Kashmir occupied by Pakistan had been liberated from Pakistani occupation then and there rather than giving a complaint to the so-called United Nations Organisation (of which incredibly India is not a permanent member of the Security Council with full power to Veto), India could have enforced her sovereignty over the whole of Kashmir including the Kuen Lun areas of Kashmir viz. The Taghdumbash Pamir and Raskam in Kanjut, particularly Hindutash and Sanju La and the rest of Aksai Chin in northeastern Kashmir. Moreover Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru in collusion with the Chinese had arbitrarily and unilaterally abdicated India’s precious rights in occupied East Turkistan and Tibet and betrayed Tibet and conceded to the nonexistent and fraudulent fictitious Chinese claims of sovereignty over Tibet, while not at all endeavouring to integrate all the princely states in India so as to re-establish the historic and natural continuous International border of India with Tibet from Pulu to Lagya. Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru also unilaterally and arbitrarily, unconstitutionally and illegally published in 1954, a spurious and fraudulent new so-called map of India, which is ab initio illegal and null and void, which ceased to depict areas of the state of Jammu and Kashmir which are an integral part of the territory of India as defined in the Constitution of India which is sacrosanct, which hitherto had been depicted as integral part of India in the maps published by The Survey of India. So, any suggestion that India had a "tenuous claim" is perverted and deceitful and emanating from a morbid mind! So there!